Hardiness Zone 9 – Planting Months
This planting calendar schedule will take you through each month of the year, for zone 9.
For those of you in the UK and Europe, this guide can be applied. If you are on a different continent, the conditions will vary, as it can be tropical or dry heat.
Planting zones, are areas of hardiness. A planting guide, that enables us to know when to plant vegetables, fruit and flowers. Each area within a zone has similar growing conditions, this standardization gives us a good guide to what we can grow and when to grow.
US Zones + Temperatures
UK Hardiness Zones
January Planting Zone 9
Temperature: 20 to 30 F (-1 to -7 Celsius)
Indoors: Kale, peppers, tomatoes, squash, basil, and melons
Seeding: If the weather is favorable; transplant cauliflower, broccoli, and cabbage seedlings outside, but make sure you protect them.
You can also seed early lettuce, onions, carrots, cabbage, radishes, beets, turnips, kale, parsley, and spinach.
February Planting Zone 9
Temperature: 20 to 35 F (-7 to 1.6 Celsius)
For zone 9 and 10, all the rules of January apply. If the January was too cold to plant early lettuce, onions, carrots, cabbage, radishes, beets, turnips, kale, parsley, and spinach, February is the time to do it. Make sure you protect the veggies with protective fabric or place them in a polytunnel or greenhouse.
You can also transplant cauliflower, broccoli, and cabbage seedlings to a tunnel, and plant peas.
Essential Gardening Equipment
Soil pH Testing
You need to make sure that you accurately test your soil to give your plants the best chance.
We use and recommend this 4 in 1 hygrometer to measure soil moisture, pH levels, nutrients, and light conditions at the same time.
The best way to germinate your seeds so that they have a great start is with a germination kit. Seeds that are grown this way produce greater results.
A trusted spade is a gardener’s best friend, it helps you do the work. A long-handled spade is the most effective type.
Gardening Tool Set
For the finer work in the garden, we need those handy tools to help us cultivate. One that you can carry around in the garden is best.
Every advanced gardener has a greenhouse and with so many benefits how can we do without. The acceleration and growth rate when using a greenhouse is worth the cost.
One of the issues people have is that their crops produce all at once. The best way to overcome this is with a dehydrator so you can store your food for years and the flavor is amazing.
March Planting Zone 9
Temperature: 54 to 78 F (12 to 26 Celsius)
Seeding: Transplant cabbage and broccoli outside. You can plant; Spinach, carrots, kohlrabi, radishes, lettuce, potatoes, asparagus, rosemary, chives, and thyme.
If you have a greenhouse or a polytunnel, you can start to harden your eggplant, tomato and pepper seedlings. Corn, cucumber, and squash can already be planted outside.
April Planting Zone 9
Temperature: 63 to 81 F (17 to 27 Celsius)
Seeding: Start sewing bush and pole beans, corn, squash, watermelon, cantaloupe, cucumbers, sweet potatoes, peppers, and tomatoes. You can also plant ginger.
Seeding: Bush and pole beans, corn, cucumbers, eggplants, watermelons, cantaloupes, sweet potatoes, and squash. Transplant peppers and tomatoes outside.
Sweet potato is a good companion to beets and parsnip.
Ginger grows well with legumes (beans, peas) and with chili peppers.
Eggplants grow well with peas, beans, peppers, tomatoes, potatoes, and spinach.
Squash and watermelon, are good companions for corn and beans.
May Planting Zone 9
Temperature: 60 to 83 F (15 to 28 Celsius)
Seeding: Melons, squash, cantaloupes, and beans. Plant tomatoes, peppers, and sweet potatoes outside.
Flowers: Marigolds, sunflowers, cosmos, verbena, zinnia, tithonia, and Nicotiana.
Plant: Citrus trees, berry bushes, and spring bulbs.
Harvesting: Spinach, lettuce, radishes, and turnips.
Make sure all the plants get plenty of water.
You can still continue to plant citrus trees and berry bushes.
All the house plants should be brought back inside.
June Planting Zone 9
Temperature: 74 to 90 F (23 to 32 Celsius)
Seeding: Tomatoes, corn, melons, cucumbers, and beans.
Harvest: Asparagus, beans, spring cabbage, broccoli, lettuce, young onions, peas, spinach, early potatoes, chard, and kohlrabi.
It’s very important to water regularly in these periods (in case there is not enough rain). Especially in zones 9 and 10.
July Planting Zone 9
Temperature: 83 to 106 F (28 to 41 Celsius)
Seeding: Eggplants, peppers, sweet potatoes, okra, cilantro, tomatoes, squash, Brussels sprouts, and transplanted watermelons. Harvesting: Lettuce, spinach, cherries, strawberries, blueberries, runner beans, and zucchini.
August Planting Zone 9
Temperature: 71 to 95 F (22 to 35 Celsius)
Seeding: Broccoli, celery, cauliflower, cucumbers, peas, tomatoes, turnips, early watermelon, early peppers, and pumpkins.
Harvesting: Tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, and potatoes.
September Planting Zone 9
Temperature: 75 to 100 F (24 to 38 Celsius) and 89 to 64 F (17 to 32 Celsius)
Harvesting: Onions, apples, tomatoes, beans, zucchini, and potatoes.
Seeding: Spinach, tomatoes, peppers, peas, parsley, onions, lettuce, Endive, kohlrabi, kale, cucumbers, corn, cauliflower, carrots, cabbage, broccoli, beets, beans, and Brussels sprouts.
October Planting Zone 9
Temperature: 53 to 78 F (12 to 25 Celsius)
Indoor: Basil, chives, oregano, parsley, and thyme.
Seeding: Asters, Dianthus, Celosia, garlic, grass, blueberries, flower bulbs, and winter lettuce.
November Planting Zone 9
Temperature: 44 to 73 F (6 to 23 Celsius)
Seeding: Garlic and onion. Protect your lettuce, spinach, wildflowers, and strawberries.
Harvesting: Any remaining carrots, cabbage, kale, turnips, and broccoli.
Add compost around your citrus trees.
If you still have some green tomatoes on your plants, remove the plants with the roots, and hang them indoors. It’s a chance they will still ripen.
Keep the leaves for mulch and compost.
December Planting Zone 9
Temperature: 36 to 56 F (2 to 13 Celsius)
Seeding: Onions, beets, radishes, spinach, leafy greens, and chives (greenhouse, tunnel).
Harvesting: Kale, Brussels sprouts, leeks, winter cabbage, and parsnips.
Pruning: Prune mature trees and shrubs. You can also plant new trees and shrubs.
Protect your peach trees and other fruit trees.
If you notice pest eggs on your fruit trees, use biological solutions to remove them.
For more information about Planting Zones visit;