Can You Grow Vegetables Without Seeds?

If you’re new to gardening, you might not be aware that you can grow plenty of vegetables without seeds. It might seem incredible, but this virtually zero-waste method of growing vegetables is very popular and easy.

Even better, the parts of vegetables that regenerate into new ones are usually the parts that we discard. 

Also, vegetables grown from scraps tend to have the same flavor as the original vegetable, so you don’t need to worry or guess what your veggies will taste like. Regrowing vegetables from scraps is a great thing to do if you like a particular strain or flavor of the vegetable.

Although the easiest vegetables to grow without seeds are avocados, there are plenty of other ones that you can incorporate into your gardening, like ginger or lettuce.

Lettuce growing in lines in a garden

Can You Plant Vegetables Without Seeds?

Planting vegetables without seeds is relatively easy, and you don’t need to be an expert gardener to do it. You need a small place to grow the vegetable and a container large enough to deal with all of its roots. 

The size of your container will depend on how large the vegetable will eventually be. Make sure that there’s ample room for it to grow unencumbered, and you’re set to go.

Vegetables That Grow Without Seeds

While there are a lot of different vegetables that you can grow without seeds, some are easier than others. For example, the following fruits and vegetables can be grown without seeds: 

  • Pumpkins
  • Garlic
  • Lettuce
  • Onions
  • Potatoes
  • Ginger
  • Avocado
  • Pineapple
  • Various herbs 
  • Lettuce,
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage

If you’re dealing with a vegetable like cabbage or lettuce, you can put vegetable scraps into a container with water. Then, place the container in the sun and watch the magic start. 

Cabbage, broccoli, and lettuce are the easiest vegetables to grow without seeds, and if you’re first starting, they are a great option that will give you the confidence to grow more complex things. 

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Make sure that your container is full of fresh, clean water. You will want to change and refill it often. Watch for roots starting to sprout. Leaves and roots should begin to spring up in about four days.

Once you notice this transformation starting, it’s essential to plant your vegetable correctly in a large enough container to hold its root system.

Ginger, Garlic, and Onions

Ginger tends to be a little bit more expensive, so it’s a good idea to try to grow it from scraps yourself. Instead of putting the ginger in water, you’ll want to plant it in a medium-sized pot. Don’t use dirt from your garden to do this. 

Instead, look for a particular soil mix from a gardening store. These mixes generally contain all of the nutrients that your new plant will need to thrive.

Just as with cabbage, lettuce, and broccoli, you should start to see some progress with ginger within just a few days. You can use a similar process with onions and garlic. 


You can grow an avocado from the pit. First, remove the pit and all of the remaining avocado flesh from it to start and secure it with several toothpicks. Piercing and securing it with the toothpicks will help the avocado grow properly. 

Put the pit in a small glass of water. Make sure that you don’t submerge it. You want the water level to reach about halfway up the pit. After a few days, you should start to see roots snaking down from the pit. When this happens, it’s essential to transfer the pit to a large pot.

Be gentle with the roots. You certainly don’t want to injure them accidentally. Carefully transfer your avocado plant with the root system facing down into ample potting mix, and watch it flourish.

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You’ll need a big pot for your avocado because it will grow into a small tree. As your tree grows, you can move it into a larger pot as needed.

Remember, cramped roots can lead to a stunted plant with trouble growing, so always err on the side of putting it into a too-big pot.

How Do You Start a Vegetable Garden Without Seeds?

You can also plant several different types of vegetables in an indoor or outdoor garden. Potatoes are the best vegetables to experiment with this method. The potato eyes that we take out before cooking them are actually where the potatoes’ roots will sprout from. 

You need to cut your potato into several different pieces with an eye or two on each. Plant them with the eyes facing up, at least six inches below the soil.

Remember that potatoes need a lot of room to grow, so don’t plant your spuds too close together. Instead, give them about a foot of distance between each potato.

Although you can certainly grow some vegetables in your apartment, potatoes require an ample indoor space or an outdoor garden to flourish.

Damp Soil

Make sure that your soil is damp but not overly wet. It’s a good idea to water your potatoes about once a week. You can also use this technique for tomatoes. As with potatoes, make sure that your tomatoes have enough space to flourish. 

Cut off a small piece of each tomato and plant it about one to two inches below the soil. You’ll start to see the beginnings of tomato plants within about a week or so. 

If you’re wondering, “can you grow swede from scraps?” the answer is yes; Swede, or rutabaga, follows the same process as potatoes and can certainly be grown from scraps.  

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Veg Seeds FAQ

How Do You Plant Something Without Seeds? 

You can plant something without seeds by taking cuttings or using the pits and either putting them in water or planting them in the dirt. 

Tend to your plants the same way you would vegetables that you grow from seeds by giving them ample water, using good potting soil, and putting them into direct sunlight as appropriate. 

How Can I Garden Without Buying Seeds? 

You can garden without buying seeds by focusing on vegetables like ginger, potatoes, tomatoes, broccoli, cabbage, lettuce, onions, avocado, and garlic that don’t require seeds. 

Generally speaking, you can use cuttings of these vegetables or, in the case of avocado, the pits. 

Since there are plenty of fruits and vegetables without seeds, it’s relatively easy to start a beautiful garden this way if you understand what vegetables you can regrow.

Other plants without seeds include carrots, certain types of watermelons, and certain types of grapes. 

How Do I Start a Garden? 

If you’re new to gardening, it’s a good idea to come up with a worksheet for how to grow vegetables from vegetables at home. This way, you’ll know what each vegetable needs and the best way to care for your new plants.

You can also come up with a watering schedule and rotate them in and out of sunlight as needed. If you’re planting multiple vegetables, a worksheet is an excellent way to stay organized.

Even if you have seeds at home, it’s good to understand how to grow vegetables without them so that you can use both methods to your advantage. Play around with different techniques and discover what’s best for you.